According to the National Autism Association (NAA), Autism affects approximately 1 in 68 children throughout the United States.
Usually appearing before the age of 3, autism is considered a bio-neurological developmental disability that impacts the normal development of the brain as it relates to: social interaction, communication skills, and cognitive function.
Below are some additional facts about autism, which you may have not known.
10 Facts About Autism
- With the May 2013 publication of the DSM-5 diagnostic manual, all autism disorders were merged into one umbrella diagnosis of ASD. Previously, they were recognized as distinct subtypes, including autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome. [source]
- Autism is the fastest growing developmental disorder, yet most underfunded. [source]
Currently there is no cure for autism, though with early intervention and treatment, the diverse symptoms related to autism can be greatly improved and in some cases completely overcome. [source]
- Autism costs a family $60,000 a year on average. [source]
- There is no medical detection or cure for autism. [source]
- Beliefs in the late 1990s and early 2000s that vaccines may cause autism have since been disproven through numerous studies. [source]
- It is possible to detect signs of autism in infants as young as 6-18 months. For example, if a baby fixates on objects or does not respond to people, he or she may be exhibiting early signs of an autism spectrum disorder.[source]
- The most effective treatments available today are applied behavioral analysis (ABA) and occupational, speech and physical therapy, which have proven to be the most effective. [source]
- Autism was first described by Dr. Leo Kanner in 1943. He reported on eleven children who showed a marked lack of interest in other people, but a highly unusual interest in the inanimate environment. [source]
- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. [source]
- Most people who develop ASD have no reported family history of autism, suggesting that random, rare, and possibly many gene mutations are likely to affect a person's risk. [source]